What is Sunken Garden?

Sunken Garden is a term used to describe a type of garden design where the ground level is lower than the surrounding area. This creates a sunken or recessed effect, giving the garden a unique and visually appealing look. Sunken gardens can be found in various locations around the world and have been popular for centuries.

The History of Sunken Gardens

The concept of sunken gardens dates back to ancient times, with examples found in civilizations such as Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome. These gardens were often used as a way to create a sense of privacy and tranquility, as well as to showcase the wealth and power of the garden’s owner.

In more recent history, sunken gardens became popular during the Renaissance period in Europe. They were often designed as part of larger estates or palaces, and were used as a way to showcase the owner’s wealth and status. These gardens were meticulously designed and maintained, with intricate pathways, water features, and carefully selected plants and flowers.

The Design and Features of Sunken Gardens

Sunken gardens are typically designed with a central focal point, such as a fountain or statue, which draws the eye and creates a sense of balance and harmony. The surrounding area is then landscaped with a variety of plants, flowers, and trees, creating a lush and vibrant environment.

One of the key features of sunken gardens is the use of retaining walls or terraces to create the sunken effect. These walls not only provide structural support, but also add visual interest and depth to the garden. They can be made from a variety of materials, such as stone, brick, or concrete, and can be adorned with decorative elements such as carvings or mosaics.

The Benefits of Sunken Gardens

There are several benefits to having a sunken garden. Firstly, the sunken design creates a sense of privacy and seclusion, making it a perfect retreat from the outside world. The surrounding walls or terraces also help to block out noise and create a peaceful and tranquil environment.

In addition, sunken gardens can help to control water runoff and prevent erosion. The lower ground level allows for better drainage, reducing the risk of flooding and water damage. This can be especially beneficial in areas with heavy rainfall or poor soil conditions.

Creating Your Own Sunken Garden

If you’re interested in creating your own sunken garden, there are a few key steps to consider. Firstly, you’ll need to choose a suitable location that has enough space and access to sunlight. It’s also important to consider any potential drainage issues and plan accordingly.

Next, you’ll need to design the layout of your garden, taking into account the focal point, pathways, and planting areas. This can be done using a combination of hand-drawn sketches and computer-aided design (CAD) software.

Once the design is finalized, you can start preparing the ground by excavating the area and creating the necessary retaining walls or terraces. This may require the help of a professional landscaper or contractor, depending on the complexity of the project.

Finally, you can start planting and landscaping your sunken garden. Choose a variety of plants and flowers that thrive in your climate and complement the overall design of the garden. Regular maintenance, including watering, pruning, and fertilizing, will help to keep your sunken garden looking its best.


In conclusion, sunken gardens are a beautiful and unique garden design that can add a touch of elegance and tranquility to any outdoor space. Whether you’re looking to create a small private retreat or a grand showcase garden, the sunken design offers numerous benefits and opportunities for creativity. So why not consider creating your own sunken garden and enjoy the beauty and serenity it can bring?